Complete Track and Field

Properly Programming and Scheduling In-Season Weight Training

For the most part, certain sports have it easy when it comes to in-season weight training. Football has games on Friday nights so weight training on Mondays and Wednesdays makes perfect sense. For many other sports like track and field, competitions can fall anywhere during the week and on some Saturdays. Sometimes you have two or more meets per week. How are you supposed to keep a good in-season weight training schedule and make sure you are doing enough weight training when competition days change each week?

This is a question that paralyzes a lot of track coaches during the season. Many times I will speak to a coach and they have no real plan of attack when it comes to in-season weight training. Many times the answer is simply “We lift when we have time.” This article will show you that with a little planning and the right training techniques, you can map out your weight training sessions for the entire season in just a few hours. First step, you need to organize the days your team will lift.

Map It Out: The first thing you should do is go to your local office supply store and buy a big desk calendar. Don’t be cheap and get a tiny one on sale. Don’t even think about using the calendar in your cell phone either! Get a big calendar with a lot of space to write. On the day you receive your meet schedule for the season, take a red pen and write down on the calendar every meet you will attend. Even if it is a big championship meet that only part of your team will attend, write it down. It is important to be thorough so just go in order day by day and write down the information on the calendar.

Starting with the last meet of the season, count back two days before that meet and in a black pen write “Weight Room” in big letters. Work your way backwards from the last meet of the season all the way to the first meet of the season. There should be one weight training session per week. You may find that as you get closer to the smaller meets at the beginning of the season your weight training day falls on the same day as another meet. If this happens, simply count back one more day and write “Weight Room” in that square.

More advice on How to Train Around Dual Meets (video)

Now comes the tough part. Finding one day per week to train in the weight room is easy. Finding a second day per week might be a little tricky, but it is certainly doable. Starting again at the end of the season, find the last “Weight Room” session of the year and count back another 2 days. Write “Weight Room” again in that square. As an example, the Rhode Island State Championship track meet was on a Saturday last June. I counted back two days to that Thursday and wrote “Weight Room” in big black letters. I counted back another two days to that Tuesday and wrote “Weight Room” one more time. So the last week leading up to the State Meet my throwers were in the weight room on Tuesday and Thursday.

At the end of the season, this is easy. For the most part all of the bigger invitationals and championship meets are on the weekends. Scheduling in-season weight training should be very easy. Every Tuesday and Thursday leading up to those meets you will be in the weight room. Not too difficult.

Where it can get tricky is in the beginning of the season where you are attending a lot of little meets and smaller relays. You may have these during the week after school and many times you will have 2 per week. As a coach, you need to realize that these meets are fun and a great way to “tune up” your athletes, but they really don’t count for anything. You may have to *GASP* be in the weight room the day before a track meet!

If this happens, don’t worry. Your goal as a coach should be to get your athletes to peak for the big meets at the end of the season. Throwing a PR during a tiny dual meet is great but wouldn’t you rather see that PR happen at the championship meet at the end of the season? You need to look at the big picture. Lifting the day before a meet sounds scary but it will keep your athletes on schedule to peak at the end of the season.

Step away from the calendar and take a look. At this point you should notice a few things. You should have two scheduled days each week where your athletes will be in the weight room. You should also notice that this leaves a lot of time for your athletes to get outside and actually practice their events. Now that you have your training days scheduled you need to figure out what you will be doing in the weight room those two days every week. Please continue reading to learn more.

Optimal Weight Training: Here is where some confusion starts to happen with a lot of coaches. Many coaches think that in order to successfully build strength during track season that the athletes need to be in the weight room more than twice per week and the training sessions should last for more than one hour. This is simply not true. If planned out correctly your athletes will be able to gain strength during track season lifting only two days per week. The training sessions should only take 45 minutes at maximum. This leaves time on the days you are in the weight room to still practice the events outside. This also leaves you the luxury to split your team into 2 groups and send one group to the weight room at the beginning of practice and one group to the weight room at the end of practice. Here is how you do it.

You must stick to the basic compound movements. Every day you are in the weight room your athletes should have one basic compound movement to execute. The first day in the weight room (the day of the week furthest away from the track meet) this movement should be a squat. The second day should be a bench press (flat or incline).

The second movement of the day should be an explosive dumbbell exercise. My two favorites are the one-arm dumbbell clean and press and the one arm dumbbell snatch. Keep the weight as heavy as you can while performing the prescribed amount of reps with great technique.

The rest of the day in the weight room should focus on three movements: An opposite movement, an accessory movement, and a movement to correct weakness. The opposite movement will be the opposite “direction” of the main strength movement. For example, if the bench press was the main strength movement, the opposite movement would be a row or pull up. Bench press is a push and rowing is a pull (the opposite of pushing). The accessory movement would be something to help the main strength movement. If the bench press was the main strength movement you would add another pushing movement like a close grip push up, weighted triceps extension, or explosive push up.

The movement to correct weakness depends on the athlete. If your athlete has very weak or inflexible legs, you should do a lunge or squatting movement. Weak lower backs should do a back extension, reverse hyperextension, or good morning type movement. Weak shoulders should do an overhead press movement.

That’s it. Five exercises per day in the weight room. A main strength movement, an explosive dumbbell movement, an opposite movement, an accessory movement, and a movement to correct weakness. As long as you plan out the movements ahead of time and keep an eye on your athletes, everything should work out well. I have listed below an example of an in-season training week. Please understand this is just an example. The exercises will differ for you depending on the equipment you have available in your weight room and the weakness of each athlete.

Day 1:

Main Strength Movement: Barbell Squat

Explosive Dumbbell Movement: One Arm Dumbbell Clean and Press

Opposite Movement: Stiff Leg Dead Lift

Accessory Movement: Bodyweight Walking Lunge

Movement to Correct Weakness: Spread Eagle Sit Up

Day 2:

Main Strength Movement: Flat Bench Press

Explosive Dumbbell Movement: One Arm Dumbbell Snatch

Opposite Movement: Pull Up

Accessory Movement: Close Grip Push Up

Movement to Correct Weakness: Seated Good Morning

Set and Rep Schemes: Now that you have an idea of what days to train in the weight room and what type of exercises you should program into the training, you need to set up in the amount of sets and reps for your main strength movement and your explosive dumbbell movement.

Here is the most basic way to do it. You have two options when setting up a set and rep scheme, manipulate the number of sets or the number of reps. Manipulating the reps while keeping the amount of sets standard is the easiest way to stay organized throughout the season. Here is how you do it.

Starting with the last week of the season, you will set up a 4 week cycle. The week of your last meet of the season will be a deload week. Count backwards from there. The week before that is week 3. The week before that is week 2. The week before that is week 1. Continue counting back like this until the first week of the season. Deload, 3, 2, 1, deload, 3, 2, 1, deload, 3, 2, 1, etc.

Week 1 you will do 5 sets of 6 reps. Week 2 you will do 5 sets of 5 reps, increasing the weight. Week 3 you will do 5 sets of 4 reps, increasing the weight once more. Week 4 is a deload. Deload weeks are where you will make the weight very light and move the weight as quickly as possible. Deload weeks ensure you are giving your body time to rest and recover so you never plateau. Week 4 deload you will do 5 sets of 6 reps using very light weight.

The opposite movement, accessory movement, and movement to correct weakness should all stay at a standard 4 sets of 10 reps. Increase the weight as needed as the athlete gets stronger.

Continue this process throughout the entire season. There are, of course, come caveats when implementing a program like this. First, the athletes need to be serious about this program and trust that it will work. If you have athletes in the weight room taking it easy or going way too heavy or too light, this plan will not work. Also, the athletes need to keep track of what weight they are using each week. This way they know what weight to choose as the weeks progress. Nothing is worse than when an athlete uses the same weight week after week because he isn’t sure what he used the week before. As long as there is some organization in your weight room and you take the time to write out a program following these steps, your athletes will continue to gain strength during the season and will be at their peak strength and explosiveness for the championship meets at the end of the season.

Get Strength Training Program for High School Throwers


About Matt Ellis

Matt EllisOwns and trains athletes at Primal Athlete Training Center. Besides working with throwers, Matt has spoken to thousands of coaches and athletic directors at many of the largest state and regional coaching clinics around the U.S. on topics such as functional training, kettlebell training for athletes, proper active warm-up, mobility drills, and proper technique in the various throwing events.
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  • D. Wright

    My daughter is a Junior in high school. Her official high school track season has ended. During the season she ran 100M & 200M including the 4X100M & 4X400M relays.
    Her seasonal best times were: 13.23 & 26.99.
    I would like for her to continue running during the next couple of months be we are not aware of any good running programs in our area. I figured with the proper instructions (please provide a weekly basis workout) I could train her. I believe that she will be a great 400M runner with the proper training. I advised her if she ran the 400M it would help her with her 200M performance?
    P.S. She needs a lot of work coming out of the blocks…

    • http://www.completespeedtraining2.com Latif Thomas

      @D. Wright:

      I would go to your state’s usatf.org site and look for programs in your area. If that falls through and you want to train her yourself, I recommend this:

      http://www.completespeedtraining2.com

  • Pingback: Answers to track and field training questions. | Complete Track and Field

  • Josh

    Hey Latif,
    I’m doing short sprints 6x a week…rarely do we have only a longer sprint day, I have been overtraining If anything, but my friends are Doing the same workouts for the most part, and they are getting faster, and though I am still faster, they seem to be catching up when I’ve never done track before (so you’d think my potential would be easier to release)

    hear me out if you can…
    Toward the beginning of the season I was doing low 7.0s (55), and decent LJ. Just a few weeks ago I shattered everything (for the most Part but my 200 wasn’t great). I had a minor shinsplint on that day, but I warmed up my way through it. My inner right shin got worse but not crazy, and my dash time web to 7.1s and my leg doesn’t even hurt anymore. I rested for four whole days, iced, etc and my long jump went down 3 and 2 feet from 18″6′…thats bad. I feel fine now but my dash and lj isn’t what it was. I’m just getting really pissed, and If there was any obscure knowledge that you may know that would be great…haha
    Also, my body/legs in general hasn’t felt as ache free/jumpy/snappier as it used to. If you have any tips that I could do on a daily basis that may help that would be great. Thanks again

    • http://www.completespeedtraining2.com Latif Thomas

      @Josh:

      There are lulls in every season where your performances may stagnate. I wouldn’t worry too much about that. My main advice would be to back off on one of those days and not do a bunch of sprints and power work. For my 55/LJ guys a week looks basically like this:

      M: 6-8x30m from rollover start
      T: 4-8 x 4-6 step approach jumps. Remedial bounding (skip for height, skip for distance, run run jumps)
      W: Jog, stretch, core
      TH: Full approach run throughs w/pop up and/or fly runs or 3-5x60m from blocks
      F: PreMeet: 1-2 x run through, 1-3 x 20m block start
      SA: Meet
      SU: Off

      • Josh

        Hey Latif (last thing),
        I hear you, and were definitely doing maybe a little more than your model, but other people are doing it and the coach knows what he’s doing (point is, it’s not awful), and it’s not like I have the choice or not,
        Two main questions…
        1) can you give me a specific pre/post practice or pre meet routine that would be ideal in
        making my legs/body feel 100%…examples being stretch,roller,ice,heat,creams,etc…that could play a factor in performance.
        2) should I lift as a sprinter/jumper? Over time would it really increase my speed…and if so what specific movements would be most beneficial?? It’s just I grow overnight if I lift, and if I did it regularly I would lost all flexibility and mobility, especially chest. So what would be suitable to not bulk up too much/basically ideal sprinter/jumper/baseball player medium.
        Thanks again

  • Josh

    Hey Latif,
    This Is my first year doing track as I am a baseball player and thought I would have fun. I’ve gotten into into, and have practice 6* a week, and it seems as though I’ve gotten slower. I do LJ and sprints…and my LJ has reached it’s peak…then dropped 2-3 ft in an instant. The same thing happened with my dash. I was minorly injuredbut it has been about 2+ weeks and it doesn’t really hurt now but my performance isn’t great. I will provide much more detail if necessary

    • http://www.completespeedtraining2.com Latif Thomas

      @Josh:

      I can’t give a great answer without knowing what you’re doing everyday. But as a guess I’d say you’re either not doing enough event specific work (too many long slow repeat 200 type workouts or too much fast stuff but without enough rest – proper rest for speed work = about 1 minute for every 10m). Train slow and without power and you will get slow and lose power. On the flip side, if you are training fast, lifting weights and doing bounding drills, if you’re falling apart, you’re probably doing too much of it too often and your body is unable to recover, i.e. you are over trained. Any of that sound right?

  • Michael Grether

    I am curious… Having just watched the weight training program (and even CST2), they talk of being in the weightroom 3-5 times a week. Boo”s training has 3 days that consist of an Olympic, static upper (bench) and static lower (squat). Then there was one or two days of body building excercises, depending on if you go have Saturday practices.

    Latifs plan was similar, without the Body building days.

    I see some similarities… But a whole lot more that is different. Anyone care to breakdown the philosophical/physiological differences between the two schools of thought?

    • http://www.completespeedtraining2.com Latif Thomas

      @Michael Grether:

      I try to get 3 days in per week because I think it is reasonable for my high schoolers. Rarely happens when its dual meet season. My bodybuilding days are circuits because we don’t have weight room facilities to do hypertrophe work. I think you have to think about the experience and training age of your group. Matt comes from a throws background where the weight room is more important than it is for other event groups. We do a lot of speed work so that is specific strength to me so I factor that into the training. I would say focus on the commonalities, test some things out, take good notes and see what works best for you. I’ve done everything from bodyweight training only to 4 days per week no matter what our schedule was (including lifting after meets) down to 2 days per week. It has depended on the situation I was in for a particular season.

    • http://www.PrimalATC.com Matt Ellis

      @Michael Grether:

      Hi Michael,

      I like to use 2 days a week because there is not a whole lot of time to teach the throws in high school. Meets 2 – 3 times a week, Sundays off, that only leaves about 4 days on average to practice. 2 of those 4 days in the weightroom for part of practice and in the throwing circle for the others. The other two days out in the circle throwing and doing throws specific exercises (med balls, etc). 3 days I feel is too much for high school. The throws are the skill. Throws first, weight training a close second.

      Matt Ellis

    • http://www.PrimalATC.com Matt Ellis

      @Michael Grether:

      Hi Michael,

      I like to use 2 days per week because there is not a whole lot of time to teach the throws in high school. Meets 2 – 3 times a week, Sundays off, that only leaves about 4 days on average to practice. 2 of those 4 days in the weightroom for part of practice and in the throwing circle for the others. The other two days out in the circle throwing and doing throws specific exercises (med balls, etc). 3 days I feel is too much for high school. The throws are the skill. Throws first, weight training a close second.

      Matt Ellis

  • Rich

    Matt,

    Enjoyed reading the article and seeing how things are broken down to help keep things simple. Can you offer any guidelines for rest intervals?

    Thanks!

    • http://www.PrimalATC.com Matt Ellis

      @Rich:

      Rich,

      I like to leave about 90 seconds to 2 minutes rest depending on how heavy you are going. Normally if 3-4 athletes are on the same bench or squat rack and they are moving at a good pace that is about a 2 minute rest.

      Matt Ellis