Complete Track and Field

Posts Tagged with "Cross Country workouts"

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Your Favorite Workout

Most cross country coaches have been running since high school and college, or newly enjoy running now.  There are some workouts that seem to always go very well for you, but others that result in an endless struggle.  From these workouts emerge favorites, but they may not be the best type of work for your…… More

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A Test for Aerobic Capacity

There are many tests available for coaches to use in assessing the track and field and cross country athletes aerobic abilities on their teams.  Throws coaches commonly use the over-head backward toss of the shot, jumping coaches use the three-legged bound, and distance coaches use the Kosmin Test; all in an attempt to predict future…… More

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Speed and Ancillary Training in the Distance Events

Perspectives. Distance run training geared toward the development of energy system efficiency, cardiovascular fitness, and buffering capabilities is the foundation of any good distance program. Yet, there are several other forms of training that are applicable to endurance training, serving a specific purpose that can enhance performance, increase the effectiveness of other forms of training,…… More

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The Tempo Run

The tempo run is a valuable training unit component that should be found in the microcycles of both middle-distance and distance runners, including cross country athletes.  The name is derived from a musical term that refers to a recognized “rate of speed”.  The rate of speed, or tempo, used in training distance runners is the…… More

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Cold Weather Considerations for the Runner

Distance running at any temperature generates metabolic heat production inside the athlete, even with cold weather running. The chemical conversion of carbohydrate and fats to ATP is only about 35% efficient, with the remaining 65% lost as heat in the complicated bio-chemical processes inside the cell.  While this seems like a lot of lost heat,…… More

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Heat Considerations for the Runner

There are a number of environmental considerations that will affect the effort and performance of the cross-country runner.  One of the physiological results of running at any speed is an increase in internal heat production which is due to an increase in the metabolism of the athlete.  If the environmental conditions are kind, the athlete…… More

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Maintaining Fitness throughout the Championship Season

The championship season in high school cross country can be a long and drawn out affair in the United States.  The time period between state sectional meets and the Footlocker Championship race can last up to eight weeks for some runners.  Maintaining fitness, both aerobic and anaerobic, is critical to racing success, yet energy systems…… More

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The Long Run

Aerobic training is the foundation of all cross country programs.  The length of the race dictates the energy demand required, and the intensity of the effort establishes the proportion of aerobic to anaerobic energy system contribution.  All cross country races of two miles or longer have a greater than 90% aerobic contribution at full effort. …… More

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Managing Your Phases and Periods

By now almost every cross country coach in America has had some contact with the basics of training theory.  This is quite a contrast from the 1980’s when only the most diehard coaches were familiar with the works of Tudor Bompa and others from the Eastern Bloc that had first organized sport training into chunks…… More

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Hydration and Carbohydrate Replacement

While distance runners should be concerned about fluid replacement every day that they are in training, the summer heat puts these concerns at the top of the list.  Like so many issues in sport training there is no shortage of anecdotal information about hydration, and then there is the scientific research.  The goal is to…… More

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Summer Training for Cross Country

As the track season winds down in the spring, the distance runners enter a time that sport scientists call the transitional phase in the annual plan.  Track is an unusual sport in that there is no one time that all of the athletes are finished with their season.  An athlete that finishes up with a…… More

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Workout Recovery Protocol

Workout recovery practices can be placed in three domains when discussing training for cross country runners.  First there is the recovery that takes place between interrupted bouts of work in anaerobic or VO2 max training.  In most cases this is some sort of incomplete recovery that takes pace for 1-10 minutes with the exact time…… More

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Hill Training for Cross Country Runners

Winter and summer training periods are the ideal time in the annual plan to develop effective hill racing skills and to use various forms of hill training to develop strength in cross country runners.  Most geographical locations in the United States possess ideal physical changes in topography which are suitable for hill tactics and training. …… More

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Winter Development in Cross Country Training

Exercise physiologist like to reduce athletic performance ability to five physical skills that are a product of the athlete’s genome, age and cross country training development.  Coaches have accepted this reductionism viewpoint and have described these five skills as “bio-motor” skills.  While the word bio-motor has no true scientific definition, both coaches and physiologists understand…… More

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The Oxygen Deficit Curve: The Limiter of Mid-Distance Performance

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules are reduced and then regenerated constantly to facilitate skeletal muscle contractions.  The amount of ATP that goes through this process is astonishing.  David Costill Ph D, estimated that in the running of a marathon, an athlete will reduce and then regenerate, a quantity of ATP molecules equivalent to their full body…… More

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