Complete Track and Field

Posts Tagged with "middle distance training"

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The Human Stride

   The human foot is designed to only do two things, propel the body forward and absorb the shock of doing so.  The center of mass of the body must balance itself on a broad, saddle-shaped pelvis that distributes the weight of the organism equally on either side of the sagittal plane straight down to…… More

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Aerobic Capacity and Aerobic Power

  There are several critical aspects to aerobic fitness in all endurance sports, including cross country running in particular. For instance, aerobic capacity is an important factor, and is defined as the maximal oxygen intake in liters per minute for an athlete. It is a true measure of individual work intensity, and its measured value…… More

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A Need for Iron

Minerals play an important role in the physiology of the body.  Generally they act as co-enzymes for many bio-chemical processes and many are linked to the actions of organic vitamins which are responsible for many different aspects of life.  Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body, constituting approximately 40% of the total mineral…… More

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Setting up an Anaerobic Profile

In middle-distance training it is important that workouts are determined by certain individual anaerobic index performance values that are unique to each athlete.  In distance training it is common to use the athlete’s field-tested, date sensitive,VO2 max value to determine workout pace intensity for aerobic work.  As an example, a four mile tempo run should…… More

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Training Plan Components

Everything important in life deserves a plan.  But what really is a plan?  There should be general components in a training plan, these can than be mixed with specific directions and could lead to an attainable goal or end-result to the plan.  It is also important psychologically, developmentally, and strategically to have the plan in…… More

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Dealing with Common Running Injuries

All middle-distance athletes desire a pain-free road to the top.  Unfortunately, that scenario is very unlikely, as humans do not have it in their genome to either run far or fast without structural breakdown.  With this in mind, a track coach should be well-versed in two aspects of the team members’ musculo-skeletal health: common running…… More

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Dissecting Elite-Level Workouts

Training theory is a fascinating point of discussion for most middle-distance coaches.  These conversations can vary from something as simple as typical microcycle mileage to something as detailed as workout construction.  There is no doubt that there are “many roads to Rome” in the journey to getting a talented middle-distance runner into top physical condition. …… More

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Structuring a Workout Session

The useful thing about modern training theory is that it was put together by scientists using empirical and replicable evidence rather than a hodge-podge of ideas and intellectual artifacts advanced by coaches.  Because it is rooted in science, training theory is an ever-changing set of principles and concepts that evolve as better scientific testing is…… More

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Training the Thresholds

The summer months are an excellent time to review the scientific basics of the aerobic energy system training and reflect back on how your athletes performed last spring following their particular training program.  From the performance data sets of your athletes you can diagnostically check to see if you had them properly prepared for the…… More

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Do Not Neglect Speed and Speed Endurance Workouts

Modern training theory is invaluable in applying scientific research to the development of middle-distance runners.  Knowing how to set up training microcycles that include all of the necessary session components during a training phase is critical to progressive development.  Modern training theory does not suggest that training microcycles need to be seven days in length. …… More

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The Case for Barefoot Running

Running in humans has been described as “controlled falling”.  It is accomplished with a coordinated combination of stride length and stride frequency in the lower limbs, with balance and stabilization help from the upper limbs.  Over the past century there has been considerable scientific effort put forth in understanding the nervous system control of both…… More

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How to Run the 800 Meter

Click here to watch How to Run the 800 Meter                                                    Hi, everybody.  Welcome to Stillwater High School.  This is the human performance lab that I have and my physiology classroom here in Stillwater, Minnesota, and I’d like to talk to you today about how to run the 800 meter and a little bit about developing…… More

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Understanding Workout Fatigue

In the 1950’s a pioneering German in athletics by the name of Woldemar Gerschler worked as a physical educator, track and field coach, and Director of the Freiburg Institute for Physical Education.  He is considered the father of interval training. Gerschler was certainly the first to organize training into a systematic organization of all the…… More

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Middle Distance Winter Training

Middle distance winter training is the time of the year that many physiological development gains can be made in middle distance athlete fitness, and not just in the endurance component of training.  Speed, strength, coordination, and flexibility gains can be realized as well during this calendar period despite the weather.  It can also be a…… More

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The Essence of the Endurance Training Program

Over the past 60 years all sport training models have benefited from the scientific principles that scientists have developed to explain the natural world.  The application of scientific laws and theories by coaches has transformed athletic training from a trial and error method to a systematic model of periodized development.  The important link in this…… More

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