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Posts Tagged with "middle distance training"

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Fatigue, Part 4 – The Aerobic Energy System

The scientific information presented in the first three sections on the onset of fatigue during exercise (Part 1 Fatigue–Energetics, Part 2 Fatigue–Anaerobic Alactic Energy System, and Part 3 Fatigue–Anaerobic Glycolytic Energy System) pointed out the importance of beginning each discussion on energy system metabolism with basic review of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its role in…… More

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Fatigue, Part 3 – The Anaerobic Glycolytic Energy System

Information presented in the first two sections on fatigue during exercise (Part 1 Fatigue-Energetics and Part 2 Fatigue-Anaerobic Alactic Energy System) pointed out the importance of beginning every discussion on energy system metabolism with basic knowledge of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its role in muscle contraction.  Humans have advanced through natural selection using three metabolic…… More

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Fatigue, Part 2 – The Anaerobic Alactic Energy System

Information presented in the first section on fatigue during exercise (Part 1 Fatigue-Energetics) pointed out the importance of beginning every discussion on energy system metabolism with knowledge of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its role in muscle contraction.  Humans have evolved using three metabolic energy systems for their daily activities which may range from lifting a…… More

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Fatigue: Part 1 – Energetics

The onset of fatigue in certain systems of the body is what causes running performance to deteriorate and degrade.  Too much fatigue and exhaustion occurs, with the inability to continue an activity.  Fatigue can be acute, as in a single race or training session, or chronic, as in inadequate day to day regeneration of the…… More

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The Human Stride

   The human foot is designed to only do two things, propel the body forward and absorb the shock of doing so.  The center of mass of the body must balance itself on a broad, saddle-shaped pelvis that distributes the weight of the organism equally on either side of the sagittal plane straight down to…… More

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Aerobic Capacity and Aerobic Power

  There are several critical aspects to aerobic fitness in all endurance sports, including cross country running in particular. For instance, aerobic capacity is an important factor, and is defined as the maximal oxygen intake in liters per minute for an athlete. It is a true measure of individual work intensity, and its measured value…… More

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A Need for Iron

Minerals play an important role in the physiology of the body.  Generally they act as co-enzymes for many bio-chemical processes and many are linked to the actions of organic vitamins which are responsible for many different aspects of life.  Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body, constituting approximately 40% of the total mineral…… More

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Setting up an Anaerobic Profile

In middle-distance training it is important that workouts are determined by certain individual anaerobic index performance values that are unique to each athlete.  In distance training it is common to use the athlete’s field-tested, date sensitive,VO2 max value to determine workout pace intensity for aerobic work.  As an example, a four mile tempo run should…… More

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Training Plan Components

Everything important in life deserves a plan.  But what really is a plan?  There should be general components in a training plan, these can than be mixed with specific directions and could lead to an attainable goal or end-result to the plan.  It is also important psychologically, developmentally, and strategically to have the plan in…… More

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Dealing with Common Running Injuries

All middle-distance athletes desire a pain-free road to the top.  Unfortunately, that scenario is very unlikely, as humans do not have it in their genome to either run far or fast without structural breakdown.  With this in mind, a track coach should be well-versed in two aspects of the team members’ musculo-skeletal health: common running…… More

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Dissecting Elite-Level Workouts

Training theory is a fascinating point of discussion for most middle-distance coaches.  These conversations can vary from something as simple as typical microcycle mileage to something as detailed as workout construction.  There is no doubt that there are “many roads to Rome” in the journey to getting a talented middle-distance runner into top physical condition. …… More

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Structuring a Workout Session

The useful thing about modern training theory is that it was put together by scientists using empirical and replicable evidence rather than a hodge-podge of ideas and intellectual artifacts advanced by coaches.  Because it is rooted in science, training theory is an ever-changing set of principles and concepts that evolve as better scientific testing is…… More

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Training the Thresholds

The summer months are an excellent time to review the scientific basics of the aerobic energy system training and reflect back on how your athletes performed last spring following their particular training program.  From the performance data sets of your athletes you can diagnostically check to see if you had them properly prepared for the…… More

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Do Not Neglect Speed and Speed Endurance Workouts

Modern training theory is invaluable in applying scientific research to the development of middle-distance runners.  Knowing how to set up training microcycles that include all of the necessary session components during a training phase is critical to progressive development.  Modern training theory does not suggest that training microcycles need to be seven days in length. …… More

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The Case for Barefoot Running

Running in humans has been described as “controlled falling”.  It is accomplished with a coordinated combination of stride length and stride frequency in the lower limbs, with balance and stabilization help from the upper limbs.  Over the past century there has been considerable scientific effort put forth in understanding the nervous system control of both…… More

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